### Iterators, Generators, and Decorators in Python

I worked through Iterators, Generators and Decorators sections of the Computational Statistics in Python tutorial, and although this code is similar to the tutorial, it is modified in ways to make it retainable to myself:

``````
# Iterators can be created from sequences with the built-in function iter()
"""http://people.duke.edu/~ccc14/sta-663/FunctionsSolutions.html#iterators"""

xs = [n for n in range(10)]
x_iter = iter(xs)

[x for x in x_iter]

for x in x_iter:
print(x)

# Generators
"""http://people.duke.edu/~ccc14/sta-663/FunctionsSolutions.html#generators"""

# Functions containing the 'yield' keyword return iterators
# After yielding, the function retains its previous state
def limit_seats(n):
"""Limits number and counts down"""
for i in range(n, 0, -1):
yield i

counter = limit_seats(10)

for count in counter:
print(count)

# Iterators can also be created with 'generator expressions'
# which can be coded similar to list generators but with parenthesis
# in place of square brackets
maxUsers = [x for x in range(10)]
for x in maxUsers:
print(x)

# Many built-in Python functions return iterators including file handlers
for line in open('requirements.txt'):
print(line)

# Decorators
# Here is a simple decorator to time an arbitrary function
def func_timer(func):
"""Times how long the function took."""
def f(*args, **kwargs):
import time
start = time.time()
results = func(*args, **kwargs)
print("Elapsed: %.2fs" % (time.time() - start))
return

@func_timer
def fibonacciWithCacheWithTimer(n, cache={0:1, 1:1}):
try:
return cache[n]
except:
cache[n] = fibonacci(n-1) + fibonacci (n-2)
return cache[n]

[fibonacciWithCacheWithTimer(n) for n in range(10)]

``````